Step 1: Determine the soil’s pH level – The pH level of the soil affects plant growth. Soil can be tested easily through a DIY test kit available at most local gardening stores. Compare the soil solution’s colour to the kit’s colour-coding chart. A pH lower than 6.0 means the soil is acidic, and a pH higher than 7.5 means the soil is alkaline—either condition not ideal at all for growing grass seeds.
Step 2: Remove rocks and roots – Every visible rock and root must be dug up, including those that need more than just a conventional garden rake to dig up. When holes and depressions appear, these must be filled with topsoil, and smoothed over with a rake.